Even though the motions performed during a workout on the elliptical trainer presents similarities with biking or skiing, the main difference resides in the low impact for the weight bearing exercise.
In other words, the unique features of the machine are designed to create an analogous motion that follows the natural movement of the hip, leg and foot during running or walking. As the reviews of elliptical machines highlight, this movement is perceived as natural and does not pose much stress on the knee, joints and ligaments.
In general, the reviews of elliptical machines do not present the technology behind the equipment and tend to emphasize on the features. However, in order to understand the mechanism better, a description of the elliptical trainer is in order. Therefore, most elliptical trainers include a crank arm attached to a stable bar at one end and an axis at the other end. The main responsible for the almost linear back and forth motion is the axis end that rotates at the same time as the stable bar. Consequentially, this is why the oval or elliptical movement is possible.
Since the movement is not enough to work the muscles out, these machines also incorporate a band around the flywheel or another device to create resistance. The main distinction between regular machines and the ones used at gyms resides in these devices, since the older models include air resistance, while the newer models rely solely on magnetic resistance.
In addition to the resistance mechanism, the device incorporates several other basic features. For instance, the stair stepper permits a complex pattern of movements, namely forward, reverse, up and down. At the same time, most elliptical trainers permit you to change direction and hence, work opposite muscles simultaneously.
As highlighted in most reviews of elliptical machines, this workout equipment does not present a halting of motion. It is important to note that while you are making the transition from one movement to another, the body still feels the impact from the force of the machine, even though the arms and legs might appear to stop in order to make the switch.
In addition, the legs and feet will move in the same motion pattern despite the fact there is a wide range of movements you can perform. Most people see the low impact as the main advantage of the elliptical trainers. However, now that you understood the mechanism behind it, you will realize there are far more benefits the elliptical trainer can offer, compared to other workout equipment.
First of all, the elliptical trainer will permit you to exercise the entire body and not just one or two areas, as most of the machines do. Another trump card of the machine is the motion itself, which is natural and consequentially, quite easy to learn and sustain. In addition, all models on the market today include a detailed monitoring display that allows you to plan and monitor the workout routines.
Lastly, the machine is reasonably simple, meaning there are few parts that will need replacement and very low chances of anything going wrong during the training.